Elfego Baca

Elfego Baca was born in Socorro, New Mexico on February 10, 1865 to Francisco and Juana Maria Baca and became a legendary lawman in New Mexico.  He was small in stature, being only 5’7″ in height but was the main character in the story of an 1884 shootout where one individual faced seemingly overwhelming odds […]

The Bat Bomb Project

Most people in New Mexico would generally know what the Manhattan Project was.  However, there was another secret project being investigated during WWII that involved research in the Carlsbad area, known as Project X-Ray, the bat bomb.  The bat bomb project refers to an experimental weapons delivery concept involving the Mexican freetail bats that seasonally […]

Carlsbad Army Air Field

As the United States geared up for World War II, it became necessary to establish training bases scattered across the 48 states.  The southwest was popular because of its moderate weather and New Mexico was particularly attractive because of its usually fair skies. One of the locations chosen for the Army Air Corps flight training […]

Pancho Villa

(Image credit: smithsonianmag.com) Pancho Villa was born in 1878 in the state of Durango, Mexico to a farmer, Agustín Arango and his mother was Micaela Arámbula.  His birth name was José Dorotea Arango Arámbula.  Villa told alternate versions of his family and birth.  As a youth, he worked in a series of manual labor jobs […]

St. James Hotel in Cimarron

The town of Cimarron was chartered in 1859 and was a stop on the Santa Fe Trail.  One of the oldest structures in the town is now known as the St. James Hotel.  Over the years the adobe structure hosted a number of famous individuals and was the location where a number of people were […]

Tom “Black Jack” Ketchum

Tom Ketchum was a native Texan having been born in San Saba County in central Texas in 1863 to Green Berry and Temperance Katherine Wydick Ketchum, who had been living in Texas at least since about 1850.  Green Berry Ketchum was originally from Alabama and Katherine Wydick was from Illinois.  Tom was one of eight […]

Mormon Battalion

The Mormon Battalion is a term used to describe a unit of the United States Army comprised of men who were members of the Church of the Latter-Day Saints.  They operated mainly during the Mexican-American War.  Commanded by regular U.S. Army officers, they served mostly from July 1846 to July 1847.  The Mormons had faced religious […]