Buffalo Soldiers in New Mexico

Although the exact origin of the term Buffalo Soldiers is not well documented, it is usually accepted that the term originated with the Indian tribes when they saw the curly dark hair of the black troops.  Some historians also make a point to emphasize that the tribes respected and revered the buffalo.  However the term […]

Fort Stanton

Fort Stanton was established in 1855 by the United States Army to protect settlements and add stability to the area.  It was named for Captain Henry Whiting Stanton, a U. S. Army officer who was killed on January 18, 1855 in a battle with Apache.  From published reports of the battle, he was part of […]


Geronimo was a tribal leader of the Apache Nation, though generally not thought of as a chief.  He was born around 1829 in what was then part of northern Mexico and died in 1909 at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.  During his lifetime, he was one of the most cunning and effective warriors of his time, conducting […]

Katherine Stinson Otero

The name Otero is a familiar one to New Mexico residents.  Miguel Antonio Otero, Jr. was a former judge.  When he died in 1977, he was 85 years old.  Miguel had been a pilot both in World War I and World War II, earning the rank of Lt. Colonel.  He had a long career in […]

Elfego Baca

Elfego Baca was born in Socorro, New Mexico on February 10, 1865 to Francisco and Juana Maria Baca and became a legendary lawman in New Mexico.  He was small in stature, being only 5’7″ in height but was the main character in the story of an 1884 shootout where one individual faced seemingly overwhelming odds […]

The Bat Bomb Project

Most people in New Mexico would generally know what the Manhattan Project was.  However, there was another secret project being investigated during WWII that involved research in the Carlsbad area, known as Project X-Ray, the bat bomb.  The bat bomb project refers to an experimental weapons delivery concept involving the Mexican freetail bats that seasonally […]

Carlsbad Army Air Field

As the United States geared up for World War II, it became necessary to establish training bases scattered across the 48 states.  The southwest was popular because of its moderate weather and New Mexico was particularly attractive because of its usually fair skies. One of the locations chosen for the Army Air Corps flight training […]