Fort Bascom and the “Bascom Affair”

The remains of old Fort Bascom is located roughly about ten miles north northeast of Tucumcari.  It was situated near a horseshoe bend of the Canadian River and is located near the eastern border of San Miguel County, just north of Quay County.  The fort was established early in the Civil War and was abandoned in 1870.

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Manuelito (Hastiin Ch`il Haajiní, Man of Blackweed)

Manuelito was one of the primary Navajo leaders before to after the Long Walk in New Mexico, often leading resistance to the encroaching presence of Hispanos and Anglos into their traditional lands.  He was born around 1818 in Utah into the Bear’s Ears Clan of his mother.  He is believed to have had four wives including the daughter of Narbona, his mentor, a daughter of Mangas Coloradas, and Asdzaa Tlo’ogi (Juanita) with whom he is usually associated, and Azdzaa Tsin Skaadnii.

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The Apache Kid

The Apache Kid Wilderness comprises the heart of the Cibola National Forest in south central New Mexico.  It was named for a legendary Apache named Hskay-bay-nay-natyl.  He is thought to have been born around 1860 in Arizona on the San Carlos Reservation.  Other biographical information indicates that he was captured by Yuma Indians as a young boy, and after being rescued by the U.S. Army, he became a street orphan in army camps.  Some reports had him attending the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania, but these are not believed to be accurate though some Apache children were sent to the school.  As a young adult, the Apache Kid served as a scout for the United States Army in the early 1880s under General George Crook and achieved the rank of sergeant.  He was again serving in the mid 1880s in the campaign to capture Geronimo.  He had a reputation of being an excellent scout and tracker.

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Geronimo was a tribal leader of the Apache Nation, though generally not thought of as a chief.  He was born around 1829 in what was then part of northern Mexico and died in 1909 at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.  During his lifetime, he was one of the most cunning and effective warriors of his time, conducting raids and evading authorities for over 30 years.  He was of the Chiricahua tribe and the Bedonkohe band.

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